Dota 2 Wiki
Shadow Shaman
Shadow Shaman icon.png
Strength attribute symbol.png
Agility attribute symbol.png
Intelligence attribute symbol.png
23 + 2.3
16 + 1.6
25 + 3.5
Level 0 1 15 25 30
Health 200 660 1300 2000 2260
+1 +3.3 +6.52 +10.02 +11.37
Mana 75 375 963 1527 1755
+0 +1.25 +3.7 +6.05 +7.03
Armor 2 4.67 8.4 13.07 14.73
Damage Block -
Magic Resistance 25%
Status Resistance 0%
Damage 46‒53 71‒78 120‒127 167‒174 186‒193
Attack Rate 0.53/s 0.62/s 0.76/s 0.92/s 0.98/s
Attack Range Ranged 400 (800)
Attack Speed ▶️ 90 (1.7s BAT)
Attack Animation 0.3+0.5
Projectile Speed 900
Movement Speed ▶️ 285
Turn Rate Takes 0.175s to turn 180°. 0.6
Collision Size 24
Vision Range (G) 1800 • 800
Legs 2
Gib Type Default
Ability Upgrades
Upgradable by Aghanim's Scepter.
Upgradable by Aghanim's Shard.
Mass Serpent Ward
Summons powerful serpent wards to deal damage.
Shadow Shaman quickly clears the way for his team's forces to march on the enemy base. Blasting enemies with Ether Shocks, interrupting attackers with Hexes, transforming his foe into a chicken, while locking down another with magical Shackles — but not before conjuring up powerful Mass Serpent Wards. Spitting fire in every direction, the Shadow Shaman's charmed snakes make short work of his disabled enemies.
Ether Shock
Mass Serpent Ward
Mass Serpent Ward
Roles: Support Support Pusher Pusher Disabler Disabler Nuker Nuker Initiator Initiator
Complexity: ★☆☆


Shadow Shaman minimap icon.pngRhasta, the Shadow Shaman
▶️ "I am the intermediary between life and death."
Born in the Bleeding Hills, Rhasta was just a starving youngling when picked up by a travelling con-man. For two pins of copper, the old con-man would tell your fortune. For three, he'd castrate your pig, for five, he'd circumcise your sons. For a good meal, he'd don his shaman garb, read from his ancient books, and lay a curse upon your enemies. His strange new youngling, part hill troll, part…something else, worked as assistant and lent an air of the exotic to the con-man's trade.

Always one step ahead of cheated customers, one town ahead of a pursuing patronage, the two trekked across the blighted lands until one day the con-man realized that the little youngling could actually do what he only pretended at. His ward had a gift—a gift that customers valued. And so the youngling Rhasta was thrust before the crowds, and the trade-name Shadow Shaman was born. The two continued from town to town, conjuring for money as Shadow Shaman's reputation grew. Eventually, the pair's duplicitous past caught up with them, and they were ambushed by a mob of swindled ex-clients. The con-man was slain, and for the first time, Rhasta used his powers for darkness, massacring the attackers. He buried his beloved master, and now uses his powers to destroy any who would seek to do him harm.


Ether Shock
Ether Shock icon.png
Creates a cone of ethereal energy that strikes multiple enemy units.
Cast Animation: 0.3+1.23
Cast Range: 600
Starting Radius: 200
Max Distance: 500
End Radius: 300
Number of Targets: 1/3/5/7
Damage: 140/200/260/320 (Talent 520/580/640/700)
Cooldown: 14/12/10/8
Mana: 100/120/140/160
Partially blocked by Linken's Sphere.
Blocked fully only when primary target.
Modifiers [?]
Originally used to open shows with the travelling con-man, Rhasta's lightning display shocks adversaries in more ways than one.


  • With the starting radius, max distance and end radius, Ether Shock can hit units up to 1000 range away.
  • The complete area is shaped like a cone in front of Shadow Shaman.
    • The area starts in front of Shadow Shaman, and not at the primary target's position.
    • Targets within the cone area are not chosen randomly. It chooses the closest valid targets to the primary target within the cone.
  • All strikes together can deal up to 140/600/1300/2240 (Talent 520/1740/3200/4900) damage (before reductions).
  • The purpose of the modifier is unknown.

▶️ Chicken model

Hex (Shadow Shaman) icon.png
Transforms an enemy unit into a harmless creature, disabling their attacks and abilities.
Cast Animation: 0+1.13
Cast Range: 500
Set Move Speed: 100
Duration: 1.25/2/2.75/3.5
Cooldown: 13 (Talent 10)
Mana: 70/110/150/190
Does not pierce spell immunity.
Ability effects persist if debuff was placed before spell immunity.
Modifiers [?]
Rhasta often ended performances by turning himself into a chicken - now, the humiliation is shared.


  • Applies a hex on the target, setting its base movement speed to 100, silencing, muting, disarming and applying Break to it.
    • However, the target's movement speed can still be affected by movement speed bonuses from items and abilities.
    • Since Hex sets the base movement speed of the target unit and does not actually apply a slow, all speed effects are calculated using the 100 base speed.

Shackles icon.png
Enemies / Self
Magically binds an enemy unit so that it cannot move or attack, while dealing damage over time.
Cast Animation: 0.3+0
Cast Range: 400 (With Aghanim's Shard 525)
Max Channel Time: 2.75/3.5/4.25/5 (Talent 3.75/4.5/5.25/6)
Total Damage/Self Heal: 60/130/200/270 (Talent 200/270/340/410)
With Aghanim's Shard Number of Serpent Wards: 4
With Aghanim's Shard Wards Duration: 7
Cooldown: 16/14/12/10
Mana: 140/150/160/170
Upgradable by Aghanim's Shard.
Aghanim's Shard Upgrade:
Shackles creates Serpent Wards attacking the target. Increases Shackles cast range by 125. Serpent wards lasts 7 seconds.
Does not pierce spell immunity.
Ability effects do not persist and immediately ends if debuff was placed before spell immunity.
Self heal fully pierces spell immunity.
Modifiers [?]
Ability Draft Notes
Ability Draft Notes:
Upgradable by Aghanim's Shard.
Mass Serpent Ward must be drafted as well for Shadow Shaman Serpent Ward icon.png Serpent Wards to spawn.
A self-defense incantation, Rhasta developed shackles after his master was slain in the Bleeding Hills.


  • Deals damage to the affected target and heals Shadow Shaman in 0.1-second intervals, starting immediately as the channel begins, resulting in 28/35/43/50 (Talent 38/45/53/60) damage instances.
    • The damage per interval is based on the total damage divided by its maximum channel time, and then divided by 10. The duration increasing bonus from the Talent talent is ignored.
    • This results in 2.182/3.714/4.706/5.4 (Talent 7.273/7.714/8/8.2) damage per interval, or 21.82/37.14/47.06/54 (Talent 72.73/77.14/80/82) damage per second.
    • Therefore, the final damage dealt (before reductions) is 61.09/130/202.35/270 (Talent 203.64/270/344/410).
    • The duration increasing Talent talent deals a total of 82.91/167.14/249.41/324 damage.
    • With both Talent talents, it deals a total of 276.36/347.14/424/492 damage.
  • The damage increasing Talent talent immediately updates the currently running instance.
  • Unlike other targeted abilities, the caster vision of Shackles lasts for the entire channel duration (even if it gets canceled), instead of just 2 seconds.
  • With Aghanim's Shard icon.png Aghanim's Shard, Shackles places a total of 4 Shadow Shaman Serpent Ward icon.png Serpent Wards based on its current level, 100 range towards the target's north, east, south, and west.
    • The wards' facing angle is set equal to Shadow Shaman's facing angle upon cast.
    • The wards are ordered to attack the target upon creation, but they can be controlled by the player normally.
    • Aghanim's Scepter icon.png Aghanim's Scepter upgrade notes fully apply as well.
    • If Mass Serpent Ward is not learnt, no wards are summoned.

Serpent Ward
Shadow Shaman Serpent Ward model.png
Summoned Ward
This unit has no mana.
Level 3
Duration Ability Duration 45
Armor Armor 0
Magic Resistance 0%
Status Resistance 0%
Attack Damage ▶️ Piercing icon.png Piercing
50/85/120 (Talent 75/110/145)
Attack Range Ranged 650
(Talent 770) (Upgradable by Aghanim's Scepter. 875, Talent 995)
Acquisition Range 650 (Talent 770) (Upgradable by Aghanim's Scepter. 875, Talent 995)
Attack Speed 0.67 attack(s) per second. 100 • 1.5s BAT
Attack Animation 0.3+0.4
Projectile Speed 900
Turn Rate Takes 0.209s to turn 180°. 0.5
Collision Size 16
Vision Range (G) 1200800
Bounty Gold 2836
Experience 31
Model Scale 1.15

The wards' formation.

Mass Serpent Ward
Mass Serpent Ward icon.png
Summons 10 Serpent Wards to attack enemy units and structures. The Wards are immune to magic.
Cast Animation: 0.3+0.97
Cast Range: 550
Spawn Radius: 150
Number of Serpent Wards: 10
Hero Attacks to Destroy: 2 (Talent 3)
Non-Hero Attacks to Destroy: 4 (Talent 6)
Wards Duration: 45
With Aghanim's Scepter Split Shot Search Radius: 875 (With Aghanim's Scepter and Talent 995)
With Aghanim's Scepter Bonus Attack Targets: 1
Cooldown: 130/120/110
Mana: 200/350/550
Upgradable by Aghanim's Scepter.
Aghanim's Scepter Upgrade:
Causes Serpent Wards to have split shot, attacking two units for full damage. Increases attack range of Serpent Wards.
Pierces spell immunity.
Upgradable by Aghanim's Scepter.
Instant attacks fully pierce spell immunity.
Modifiers [?]
Snake charming was a big part of the Shadow Shaman's act; now Rhasta can empower the Snakes to do his bidding.


  • Places a Serpent Ward on every 36°th of a 150 radius circle, resulting in 10 wards forming a ring.
    • The wards form a perfect barrier, enemies inside cannot move out unless they have phased movement.
    • Destroying one ward is enough to allow units to walk in and out of the ring.
    • The wards' facing angle is set equal to Shadow Shaman's facing angle upon cast.
  • Serpent Wards automatically attack enemies within their attack range, using Standard auto-attack rules.
    • It is possible to manually give the wards an attack target with A or Keyboard White Mouse Right.png Right Click an enemy in range.
    • With Unified Orders with Ctrl, Ctrl+Keyboard White Mouse Right.png Right Click an enemy in range commands all wards to attack the target.
    • It is also possible to stop the wards from attacking with S (only works when the auto-attack option is Never).
  • Serpent Wards have a lower target priority than other units and heroes, so they are attacked by towers and creeps last.
  • With Aghanim's Scepter icon.png Aghanim's Scepter, the Serpent Wards perform instant attacks on another enemy target whenever they launch an attack projectile.
    • An extra projectile is released at the same time together with the primary attack.
    • Therefore, it does not matter whether the primary attack misses or not, the extra projectile is still released.
    • The extra projectile travels at the same speed as the primary projectile, and can be disjointed like regular attacks.
    • These instant attacks do not proc any attack modifiers and on-hit effects normally. They do not have True Strike.
    • However, they are affected by attack class and evasion.
    • The extra attack does not target wards, invisible units, attack immune units, or units inside the Fog of War. They do target buildings.
    • The extra attack has no target priorities. It simply chooses a random valid target within its attack range.
  • The 875 Split Shot search radius is based on the Shadow Shaman Serpent Ward icon.png Serpent Ward's attack range and the range buffer.
    • Therefore, the Serpent Ward attack range increasing Talent talent further increases the search radius to 995.


Hero Talents
+25 Shadow Shaman Serpent Ward icon.png Wards Attack Damage25+380 Ether Shock Damage
+1 Shadow Shaman Serpent Ward icon.png Serpent Wards Max HP20 Hex Breaks
+1s Shackles Duration15+120 Shadow Shaman Serpent Ward icon.png Serpent Wards Attack Range
-3s Hex Cooldown10+140 Shackles Total Damage

Recent Changes[]

  • Shackles
    • Reduced damage from 60/160/260/360 to 60/130/200/270.
    • Now heals its caster by 60/130/200/270 health over its duration.
  • Shadow Shaman Serpent Ward icon.png Serpent Ward
    • Increased non-hero attacks to destroy from 2 to 4 (towers and heroes still require 2 hits).
    • Changed attack class from Pierce to Piercing.
    • Changed defense class from Basic to Default. [1]
Level 15 right talent: +100 Shadow Shaman Serpent Ward icon.png Serpent Wards attack range increased to +120.
Level 25 right talent: +370 Ether Shock attack damage increased to +380.
Level 10 left talent changed: +175 health ➜ -3s Hex cooldown.
Level 15 left talent changed: -5s Hex cooldown ➜ +1s Shackles duration.
Level 15 right talent: +75 Shadow Shaman Serpent Ward icon.png Serpent Wards attack range increased to +100.
Level 20 right talent changed: +2s Shackles duration ➜ Hex applies Break.

Recommended Items[]

Starting items:

  • Tango icon.png Tango regenerates health to Shadow Shaman so he can stay in lane.
  • Healing Salve icon.png Healing Salve restores health to Shadow Shaman or his carry.
  • Clarity icon.png Clarity is essential in ensuring that you have mana to cast your disables in the laning stage. Being able to get off both of your disables in a gank go a long way towards ensuring successful kills.
  • Iron Branch icon.png Iron Branch is good for cheap stats, and can be sold for inventory space or built into a Magic Wand.
  • Observer Ward icon.png Observer Ward provides map vision for his team.

Early game:

  • Magic Stick icon.png Magic Stick ensures that Shadow Shaman has burst regen available when needed. 150 mana is enough to cast Hex if it is level 2 or lower, same for Shackles.
  • Boots of Speed icon.png Boots of Speed are important in allowing Shadow Shaman to close the gap with a target and disable them. Acquiring Boots before your opponents can often make the difference between getting a kill.

Mid game:

  • Magic Wand icon.png Magic Wand has all the benefits of Magic Stick, as well as more stats and a higher amount of burst regen. It is important no matter whether Shadow Shaman is played as a core or support.
  • Arcane Boots icon.png Arcane Boots increases the size of Shadow Shaman's mana pool and gives him some burst mana regen; Shadow Shaman often casts his spells as a combo, so he tends to run out very quickly if not furnished with a means of mana regen.

Late game:

  • Blink Dagger icon.png Blink Dagger should be considered a core item on Shadow Shaman, no matter what role he is played in. Blink Dagger allows Shadow Shaman to instantly jump on top of a gank target and disable them with Hex, preventing them from reacting during ganks. It should be rushed as quickly as possible as a core, and given priority to obtain as a support.
  • Aghanim's Scepter icon.png Aghanim's Scepter should generally be considered a core item on a farming Shadow Shaman, but luxury for a support Shadow Shaman. The upgrade it grants Mass Serpent Ward greatly increases the amount of damage they can do, allowing Shadow Shaman to make short work of heroes that have been boxed in or obliterate towers alarmingly quickly.
  • Refresher Orb icon.png Refresher Orb allows for two instances of Mass Serpent Wards, which is hugely useful for siege damage and encounters.

Situational items:

  • Urn of Shadows icon.png Urn of Shadows can be useful on a ganking Shadow Shaman over a Bracer. It gives him the same amount of strength, making him less squishy, and the mana regen helps to maintain his mana pool. As he is a very strong ganker, Shadow Shaman can roam and get charges easily, using them for additional Pure damage in later ganks or to keep himself and his teammates at full HP for more pushing potential.
  • Tranquil Boots (Active) icon.png Tranquil Boots are a situational alternative to Arcane Boots as a support Shadow Shaman. Not only are they cheaper, but they provide increased movement speed for positioning for casting disables on the enemy. The passive health regeneration also helps ensure that Shadow Shaman is at full health at the beginning of fights.
  • Medallion of Courage icon.png Medallion of Courage is a very useful item, as Mass Serpent Wards deal physical damage. Placing the armor debuff on an enemy after boxing them in with the wards will make short work out of almost any hero. As well, the active can be used on teammates to give them more armor, or on Roshan to make taking the Aegis easier. It can also be upgraded into a Solar Crest icon.png Solar Crest to augment its bonuses even more.
  • Ghost Scepter icon.png Ghost Scepter is useful to purchase on squishy casters like Shadow Shaman. Giving himself invulnerability to physical damage can buy time if the enemy attempts to focus down Shadow Shaman with physical attacks, allowing him to retaliate with his disables and nukes.
  • Glimmer Cape icon.png Glimmer Cape is a strong utility item that benefits Shadow Shaman in many aspects. It can be used to help with initiation by allowing Shadow Shaman to approach enemies invisibly, and allows him to protect teammates that are caught out of position by casting invisibility on them. The invisibility also allows Shadow Shaman to protect himself while channeling Shackles on an enemy, reducing the chances of being disabled by unit-targeted spells.
  • Force Staff icon.png Force Staff is an inferior but potent substitute for Blink Dagger. The extra intelligence gives Shadow Shaman more mana, and the active can be used on enemies and allies, not just on Shadow Shaman himself. Purchased as a supplement to Blink Dagger, it can also be used to break Linken's Sphere on a particularly slippery enemy player, or on Roshan prior to casting other disables.
  • Aether Lens icon.png Aether Lens is extremely powerful in Shadow Shaman's hands, and can be easily obtained through disassembling Arcane Boots. Besides granting some mana regen, the cast range increase allows Shadow Shaman to disable enemies from farther away, making him a much bigger threat in ganks and fights.
  • Eul's Scepter of Divinity icon.png Eul's Scepter of Divinity is a powerful item on Shadow Shaman. The item itself grants Shadow Shaman more mobility, rectifying his poor base movement speed, and gives him more intelligence as well as powerful scaling mana regen to fuel his costly and spammable spells. Most importantly, however, the active can be used to instantly disable an enemy from range and then place Mass Serpent Wards on top of them, easily boxing them in.
  • Rod of Atos icon.png Rod of Atos is a good utility item to purchase. It gives Shadow Shaman more intelligence, allowing him to cast spells more often, and the additional HP makes him less squishy. The long range on the active also allows Shadow Shaman to root enemies from a great distance, adding yet another disable to his repertoire.
  • Scythe of Vyse icon.png Scythe of Vyse is a very powerful late-game item to purchase. On top of the extra stats, much larger mana pool, and scaling mana regen, the instant Hex can serve as a complement to Shadow Shaman's innate spell, giving him the ability to hard-disable a single target for up to 12 seconds.
  • Octarine Core icon.png Octarine Core gives Shadow Shaman many strong benefits. It gives him more HP and mana, and reduces the cooldowns on all of his abilities, making him a much bigger threat with his spammable nukes and disables. If the increased shackle duration talent is taken, shadow shaman can achieve permanent shackles, preventing any retaliation from solo heroes or allowing allies as much time as they need to get in position.
  • Shiva's Guard icon.png Shiva's Guard gives Shadow Shaman a much larger mana pool, as well as armor for survivability. The active can be used to slow enemies down on top of his other disables, further contributing to his teamfight potential.






  • The name Rhasta is based on the Rastafarians, a follower of a religious movement in Jamaica known as Rastafari. In DotA, his hero model and dialogue had a strong Jamaican influence and style. But in Dota 2, his theme and style have undertaken a more Native American influence, mostly evident in his attire and accent.
  • Rhasta is also a Persian name and word that means "truth" or "path".
  • Rhasta's Immortal Head item, Lash of the Lizard Kin, may be a reference to Pollywog Priest, who is Heroes of Newerth's direct port of Shadow Shaman. The Pollywog Priest is a frog-themed hero who, just like Shadow Shaman with the immortal, uses its tongue for its equivalent ability of Shackles (named Tongue Tied), instead of a magical net.
  • Some of Rhasta's voice lines may suggest he is well versed in the art of augury, an ancient form of divining the future. In some cultures, it is believed that reading the entrails of ritual sacrifice victims could predict the future.