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Shadow Shaman
Strength attribute symbol
Agility attribute symbol
Intelligence attribute symbol
23 + 2.3
16 + 1.6
25 + 3.5
Level 0 1 15 25 30
Health 20 526 1230 2000 2286
+1 +3.3 +6.52 +10.02 +11.37
Mana 80 380 968 1532 1760
+0 +1.25 +3.7 +6.05 +7.03
Armor 3 5.67 9.4 14.07 15.73
Magic Resist 25% 27.5% 32.4% 37.1% 39.05%
Damage Block -






Attack Rate 0.53/s 0.62/s 0.76/s 0.92/s 0.98/s
Attack Range Ranged 400 (750)
Attack Speed ▶️ 90 (1.7s BAT)
Attack Animation 0.3 + 0.5
Projectile Speed 900
Move Speed ▶️ 285 (Nighttime 315)
Turn Rate Takes 0.262s to turn 180°. 0.6
Collision Size 27
Bound Radius 24
Vision Range (G) 1800 (Nighttime 800)
Gib Type Default
Internal npc_dota_hero_shadow_shaman
Summons powerful serpent wards to deal damage.
Shadow Shaman quickly clears the way for his team's forces to march on the enemy base. Blasting enemies with Ether Shocks, interrupting attackers with Hexes, transforming his foe into a chicken, while locking down another with physical Shackles — but not before conjuring up powerful Mass Serpent Wards. Spitting fire in every direction, the Shadow Shaman's charmed snakes make short work of his disabled enemies.
Ether Shock
Mass Serpent Ward
Mass Serpent Ward
Roles: Support Support Pusher Pusher Disabler Disabler Nuker Nuker Initiator Initiator
Complexity: Hero Complexity
Adjectives: BadTeeth, Nose
Legs ( 2 )


Shadow Shaman minimap iconRhasta, the Shadow Shaman
▶️ "I am the intermediary between life and death."
Born in the Bleeding Hills, Rhasta was just a starving youngling when picked up by a travelling con-man. For two pins of copper, the old con-man would tell your fortune. For three, he'd castrate your pig, for five, he'd circumcise your sons. For a good meal, he'd don his shaman garb, read from his ancient books, and lay a curse upon your enemies. His strange new youngling, part hill troll, part…something else, worked as assistant and lent an air of the exotic to the con-man's trade.

Always one step ahead of cheated customers, one town ahead of a pursuing patronage, the two trekked across the blighted lands until one day the con-man realized that the little youngling could actually do what he only pretended at. His ward had a gift—a gift that customers valued. And so the youngling Rhasta was thrust before the crowds, and the trade-name Shadow Shaman was born. The two continued from town to town, conjuring for money as Shadow Shaman's reputation grew. Eventually, the pair's duplicitous past caught up with them, and they were ambushed by a mob of swindled ex-clients. The con-man was slain, and for the first time, Rhasta used his powers for darkness, massacring the attackers. He buried his beloved master, and now uses his powers to destroy any who would seek to do him harm.
Rhasta, SS


Ether Shock
Ether Shock icon
Creates a cone of ethereal energy that strikes multiple enemy units.
Cast Animation: 0.3+1.23
Cast Range: Affected by Cast Range bonuses. 600
Starting Radius: Affected by AoE Radius bonuses. 200
Max Distance: 600
End Radius: Affected by AoE Radius bonuses. 300
Number of Targets: 3/5/7/9
Damage: 140/200/260/320 (Talent 540/600/660/720)
Cooldown symbol
Mana symbol
Partially blocked by Linken's Sphere.
Blocked fully only when primary target.
Modifiers [?]
Originally used to open shows with the travelling con-man, Rhasta's lightning display shocks adversaries in more ways than one.

  • With the starting radius, max distance, and end radius, Ether Shock can hit units up to 1100 range away.
  • The complete area is shaped like a cone in front of Shadow Shaman.
    • The area starts in front of Shadow Shaman, and not at the primary target's position.
    • Targets within the cone area are not chosen randomly. It chooses the closest valid targets to the primary target within the cone.
  • All strikes together can deal up to 420/1000/1820/2880 (Talent 1620/3000/4620/6480) damage (before reductions).
  • The purpose of the modifier is unknown.

Hex (Shadow Shaman) icon
Transforms an enemy unit into a harmless creature, disabling their attacks and abilities and amplifying the damage they receive.
Cast Range: Affected by Cast Range bonuses. 550
Set Move Speed: 100
Damage Amp: 10%/15%/20%/25% (Talent 20%/25%/30%/35%)
Duration: 2/2.3/2.6/2.9
Talent Break Duration: 2/2.3/2.6/2.9
Cooldown symbol
Mana symbol
Modifiers [?]
Rhasta often ended performances by turning himself into a chicken - now, the humiliation is shared.
Hex chicken model

▶️ Chicken model

  • Applies a hex on the target, setting its base movement speed to 100, while silencing, muting, disarming and applying Break to it.
    • However, the target's movement speed can still be affected by movement speed bonuses from items and abilities.
    • Hex does not apply movement speed slow. Therefore, all movement speed increasing and reducing effects are calculated using the 100 base speed.

Shackles icon
Enemies / Self
physically binds an enemy unit so that it cannot move or attack, absorbing their life energy over time.
Cast Range: Affected by Cast Range bonuses. 450 (With Aghanim's Shard 525)
Max Channel Time: 2.4/3/3.6/4.2 (Talent 3.4/4/4.6/5.2)
Total Damage: 75/150/225/300 (Talent 245/320/395/470)
Total Self Heal: 75/150/225/300 (Talent 245/320/395/470)
With Aghanim's Shard Number of Serpent Wards: 4
With Aghanim's Shard Wards Duration: 6
Cooldown symbol
Mana symbol
Upgradable by Aghanim's Shard.
Aghanim's Shard Upgrade:
Shackles creates 4 Serpent Wards attacking the target. Increases Shackles cast range by 75. Serpent wards lasts 6 seconds.
Partially pierces debuff immunity.
True Sight pierces debuff immunity.
Blocked by Linken's Sphere.
Neither reflect Shackles nor interrupt the current cast.
Modifiers [?]
Ability Draft Notes
Ability Draft Notes:
Upgradable by Aghanim's Shard.
Mass Serpent Ward icon Mass Serpent Ward must be drafted as well for Shadow Shaman Serpent Ward icon Serpent Wards to spawn.
A self-defense incantation, Rhasta developed shackles after his master was slain in the Bleeding Hills.

  • Provides True Sight over the target as long as the channeling time.
    • It also provides 200 radius caster vision of the Shackled target for 2.4/3/3.6/4.2 seconds, even after it is canceled.
  • Deals damage in 0.1-second intervals, starting immediately as the channel begins, resulting in 24/30/36/42 (Talent 34/40/46/52) damage instances.
    • The damage per interval can be defined as
      ΣShacklesDamage / MaxChannelTime / (1 / 0.1).
    • The duration increasing bonus from the Talent talent is ignored.
    • This results in 3.125/5/6.25/7.143 (Talent 10.208/10.667/10.972/11.19) damage per interval, or 31.25/50/62.5/71.43 (Talent 102.08/106.67/109.72/111.9) damage per second.
    • Therefore, the final damage dealt (before reductions) is 75/150/225/300 (Talent 245/320/395/470).
    • TALENT
      • The damage increasing Talent talent immediately updates the currently running instance.
      • With the duration increasing Talent talent, it deals a total of 106.25/200/287.5/371.43 damage.
      • With both Talent talents, it deals a total of 347.08/426.67/504.72/581.9 damage.
  • The heal is calculated in the same way as the damage and is applied after each damage instance.
    • Always heals for the full amount per interval, regardless of how much damage the target actually takes.
  • Shackles now places a total of 4 Shadow Shaman Serpent Ward icon Serpent Wards based on its current level, 100 range towards the target's north, east, south, and west.
    • The wards summoned has a fixed 6-second duration, and it is not based on the total channel time.
    • The wards' facing angle is set equal to Shadow Shaman's facing angle upon cast.
    • The wards are ordered to attack the target upon creation, but they can be controlled by the player following Mass Serpent Wards' notes.
    • All of Serpent Wards' Talent talents and Aghanim's Scepter icon Aghanim's Scepter upgrade notes are fully applied as well.
  • Serpent Wards are not summoned in the following conditions:
    • If Mass Serpent Ward icon Mass Serpent Ward is not learned.
    • If the first damage instance kills the affected target.
  •  /  Upgradable by Aghanim's Shard. Shadow Shaman Serpent Ward icon Serpent Wards summoned are based on Shadow Shaman minimap icon Shadow Shaman's current ability level when acquired.

Mass Serpent Ward formation

Serpent Wards' formation.

Serpent Ward
Shadow Shaman Serpent Ward model
Summoned Ward
This unit has no mana.
Level 3
Duration Ability Duration 45
Armor Armor 0
Magic Resistance 0%
Status Resistance 0
Attack Damage ▶️ Piercing icon Piercing
50/85/120 (Talent 75/110/145)
Attack Range Ranged 650
(Talent 790)
Acquisition Range 650 (Talent 790)
Attack Speed 0.67 attack(s) per second. 100 • 1.5s BAT
Attack Animation 0.3+0.4
Projectile Speed 900
Turn Rate Takes 0.157s to turn 180°. 1
Collision Size 36
Bound Radius 16
Vision Range (G) 1200800
Bounty Gold 2230
Experience 31

Mass Serpent Ward
Mass Serpent Ward icon
Summons 10 Serpent Wards to attack enemy units and structures. The Wards are immune to magic.
Cast Animation: 0.3+0.97
Cast Range: Affected by Cast Range bonuses. 550
Spawn Radius: 150
Number of Serpent Wards: 10
Hero Attacks to Destroy: 2 (Talent 3)
Creep Attacks to Destroy: 4 (Talent 6)
Wards Duration: 45
With Aghanim's Scepter Split Shot Search Radius: 650 (With Aghanim's Scepter and Talent 790)
With Aghanim's Scepter Bonus Attack Targets: 1
Cooldown symbol
Mana symbol
Upgradable by Aghanim's Scepter.
Aghanim's Scepter Upgrade:
Causes Serpent Wards to have split shot, attacking two units for full damage.
Modifiers [?]
Snake charming was a big part of the Shadow Shaman's act; now Rhasta can empower the Snakes to do his bidding.

  • Places a Shadow Shaman Serpent Ward icon Serpent Ward on every 36°th of a 150 radius circle, resulting in 10 wards forming a ring.
    • The wards form a perfect barrier, enemies inside cannot move out unless they have phased movement.
    • Destroying one ward is enough to allow units to walk in and out of the ring.
    • The wards' facing angle is set equal to Shadow Shaman's facing angle upon cast.
  • Serpent Wards can be controlled to attack a specific target or to stop attacking altogether.
  • Serpent Wards have a lower target priority than other units and heroes, so they are attacked by towers and creeps last.
  • The wards now perform instant attacks on 1 different enemy target within their attack range whenever they launch an attack projectile.
    • An extra projectile is released at the same time together with the primary attack.
    • Therefore, it does not matter whether the primary attack misses or not, the extra projectile is still released.
    • The extra projectile travels at the same speed as the primary projectile and can be disjointed like regular attacks.
    • These instant attacks neither proc any attack modifiers nor on-hit effects normally.
    • They do not have True Strike and are affected by evasion.
    • The extra attack does not target wards, invisible units, untargetable units, or units inside the Fog of War, but they do target buildings.
    • The extra attack has no target priorities. It simply chooses a random valid target within its attack range.
    • Acquiring Aghanim's Scepter icon Aghanim's Scepter instantly upgrades all current existing Shadow Shaman Serpent Ward icon Serpent Wards.


Hero Talents
+25 Shadow Shaman Serpent Ward icon Wards Attack Damage25+400 Ether Shock icon Ether Shock Damage
+1 Shadow Shaman Serpent Ward icon Serpent Wards Max HP20Hex (Shadow Shaman) icon Hex Breaks
+1s Shackles icon Shackles Duration15+140 Shadow Shaman Serpent Ward icon Serpent Wards Attack Range
+10% Hex (Shadow Shaman) icon Hex Damage Amplification10+170 Shackles icon Shackles Total Damage

Recent Changes[]

Main Articles: Changelogs, Old Abilities and Hero Lore
  • Talent Talents:
    • LVL 10
      -2s Hex (Shadow Shaman) icon Hex cooldown  +10% Hex (Shadow Shaman) icon Hex incoming damage amplification.
  • Increased Hex (Shadow Shaman) icon Hex enemy incoming damage amplification from 5%/10%/15%/20% to 10%/15%/20%/25%.
  • Increased Hex (Shadow Shaman) icon Hex cast range from 500 to 550.
  • Reduced Mass Serpent Ward icon Mass Serpent Ward cooldown from 130/120/110 to 110 on each level.

Recommended Items[]

Starting items:

  • Tango icon Tango regenerates health to Shadow Shaman so he can stay in lane.
  • Healing Salve icon Healing Salve restores health to Shadow Shaman or his carry.
  • Clarity icon Clarity is essential in ensuring that you have mana to cast your disables in the laning stage. Being able to get off both of your disables in a gank go a long way towards ensuring successful kills.
  • Iron Branch icon Iron Branch is good for cheap stats, and can be sold for inventory space or built into a Magic Wand.
  • Observer Ward icon Observer Ward provides map vision for his team.
  • Magic Stick icon Magic Stick ensures that Shadow Shaman has burst regen available when needed. 150 mana is enough to cast Hex if it is level 2 or lower, same for Shackles.
  • Boots of Speed icon Boots of Speed are important in allowing Shadow Shaman to close the gap with a target and disable them. Acquiring Boots before your opponents can often make the difference between getting a kill.

Early game:

  • Magic Wand icon Magic Wand has all the benefits of Magic Stick, as well as more stats and a higher amount of burst regen. It is important no matter whether Shadow Shaman is played as a core or support.
  • Arcane Boots icon Arcane Boots increases the size of Shadow Shaman's mana pool and gives him some burst mana regen; Shadow Shaman often casts his spells as a combo, so he tends to run out very quickly if not furnished with a means of mana regen.
  • Veil of Discord icon Veil of Discord will give Shadow Shaman good attributes, mana regeneration and will allow his Ether Shock icon Ether Shock, Shackles icon Shackles, and Mass Serpent Ward icon Mass Serpent Wards to deal bonus damage to the enemies affected by it.

Mid game:

  • Blink Dagger icon Blink Dagger should be considered a core item on Shadow Shaman, no matter what role he is played in. Blink Dagger allows Shadow Shaman to instantly jump on top of a gank target and disable them with Hex, preventing them from reacting during ganks. It should be rushed as quickly as possible as a core, and given priority to obtain as a support.
  • Blade Mail icon Blade Mail gives Shadow Shaman extra armor and allows him to return all the damage to those who attack him for it's duration. It also can be used while channeling Shackles.
  • Glimmer Cape icon Glimmer Cape is a strong utility item that benefits Shadow Shaman in many aspects. It can be used to help with initiation by allowing Shadow Shaman to approach enemies invisibly, and allows him to protect teammates that are caught out of position by casting invisibility on them. The invisibility also allows Shadow Shaman to protect himself while channeling Shackles on an enemy, reducing the chances of being disabled by unit-targeted spells.
  • Aether Lens icon Aether Lens is extremely powerful in Shadow Shaman's hands, and can be easily obtained through disassembling Arcane Boots. Besides granting some mana regen, the cast range increase allows Shadow Shaman to disable enemies from farther away, making him a much bigger threat in ganks and fights.

Late game:

  • Blink Dagger icon Blink Dagger should be considered a core item on Shadow Shaman, no matter what role he is played in. Blink Dagger allows Shadow Shaman to instantly jump on top of a gank target and disable them with Hex, preventing them from reacting during ganks. It should be rushed as quickly as possible as a core, and given priority to obtain as a support.
  • Aghanim's Scepter icon Aghanim's Scepter should generally be considered a core item on a farming Shadow Shaman, but luxury for a support Shadow Shaman. The upgrade it grants will give Shadow Shaman bonus attributes, health and mana, and will allow Mass Serpent Ward icon Mass Serpent Ward to gain split shot that will allow Mass Serpent Ward icon Mass Serpent Wards to attack two enemy units at once for full damage.
  • Aghanim's Shard icon Aghanim's Shard allows Shadow Shaman to summon four Mass Serpent Wards once he uses Shackles on an enemy hero, allowing him to deal some more damage to them. It also increases cast range for Shackles, allowing him to disable an enemy hero from afar.
  • Refresher Orb icon Refresher Orb allows for two instances of Mass Serpent Wards, which is hugely useful for siege damage and encounters.
  • Linken's Sphere icon Linken's Sphere will give Shadow Shaman great attributes, bonus health and mana regeneration, good damage output and a spellblock that can protect him from enemies trying to cancel channeling of Shackles with single-targeted abilities every 12 seconds.

Situational items:

  • Urn of Shadows icon Urn of Shadows can be useful on a ganking Shadow Shaman over a Bracer. It gives him the same amount of strength, making him less squishy, and the mana regen helps to maintain his mana pool. As he is a very strong ganker, Shadow Shaman can roam and get charges easily, using them for additional Pure damage in later ganks or to keep himself and his teammates at full HP for more pushing potential.
  • Tranquil Boots icon Tranquil Boots are a situational alternative to Arcane Boots as a support Shadow Shaman. Not only are they cheaper, but they provide increased movement speed for positioning for casting disables on the enemy. The passive health regeneration also helps ensure that Shadow Shaman is at full health at the beginning of fights.
  • Medallion of Courage icon Medallion of Courage is a very useful item, as Mass Serpent Wards deal physical damage. Placing the armor debuff on an enemy after boxing them in with the wards will make short work out of almost any hero. As well, the active can be used on teammates to give them more armor, or on Roshan to make taking the Aegis easier. It can also be upgraded into a Solar Crest icon Solar Crest to augment its bonuses even more.
  • Ghost Scepter icon Ghost Scepter is useful to purchase on squishy casters like Shadow Shaman. Giving himself invulnerability to physical damage can buy time if the enemy attempts to focus down Shadow Shaman with physical attacks, allowing him to retaliate with his disables and nukes.
  • Shadow Blade icon Shadow Blade is an alternative to Blink Dagger icon Blink Dagger, as it gives Shadow Shaman mobility, attack speed and an escape mechanism. It can also be used to prepare a surprise attack on an unsuspecting enemy hero.
  • Ethereal Blade icon Ethereal Blade gives Shadow Shaman an capability to disarm an enemy hero and to greatly amplify damage from Ether Shock and Shackles, it also gives Shadow Shaman a tool to defend himself against heroes reliant on dealing physical damage to be effective. However, Mass Serpent Wards will not be able to damage ethereal targets as their damage is physical instead of magical.
  • Force Staff icon Force Staff is an inferior but potent substitute for Blink Dagger. The extra intelligence gives Shadow Shaman more mana, and the active can be used on enemies and allies, not just on Shadow Shaman himself. Purchased as a supplement to Blink Dagger, it can also be used to break Linken's Sphere on a particularly slippery enemy player, or on Roshan prior to casting other disables. Later it can be upgraded into Hurricane Pike icon Hurricane Pike which can also give Shadow Shaman extra attack range.
  • Eternal Shroud icon Eternal Shroud gives Shadow Shaman great magic resistance. And also allows him to convert all the spell damage inflicted onto him into mana.
  • Dagon icon Dagon will give Shadow Shaman good attributes, spell lifesteal that will allow him to heal himself with using abilities and an extra magical damage burst to finish off enemy heroes.
  • Assault Cuirass icon Assault Cuirass gives Shadow Shaman good attack speed and great armor while it also reduces armor of enemy heroes and buildings, making them more vulnerable to damage from Mass Serpent Wards.
  • Eul's Scepter of Divinity icon Eul's Scepter of Divinity is a powerful item on Shadow Shaman. The item itself grants Shadow Shaman more mobility, rectifying his poor base movement speed, and gives him more intelligence as well as powerful scaling mana regen to fuel his costly and spammable spells. Most importantly, however, the active can be used to instantly disable an enemy from range and then place Mass Serpent Wards on top of them, easily boxing them in.
  • Rod of Atos icon Rod of Atos is a good utility item to purchase. It gives Shadow Shaman more intelligence, allowing him to cast spells more often, and the additional HP makes him less squishy. The long range on the active also allows Shadow Shaman to root enemies from a great distance, adding yet another disable to his repertoire. Later it can be upgraded into Gleipnir icon Gleipnir for a passive chain lightning and for a root in a area.
  • Scythe of Vyse icon Scythe of Vyse is a very powerful late-game item to purchase. On top of the extra stats, much larger mana pool, and scaling mana regen, the instant Hex can serve as a complement to Shadow Shaman's innate spell, giving him the ability to hard-disable a single target for up to 12 seconds.
  • Octarine Core icon Octarine Core gives Shadow Shaman many strong benefits. It gives him more HP and mana, and reduces the cooldowns on all of his abilities, making him a much bigger threat with his spammable nukes and disables. If the increased shackle duration talent is taken, shadow shaman can achieve permanent shackles, preventing any retaliation from solo heroes or allowing allies as much time as they need to get in position.
  • Shiva's Guard icon Shiva's Guard gives Shadow Shaman a much larger mana pool, as well as armor for survivability. The active can be used to slow enemies down on top of his other disables, further contributing to his teamfight potential.

Dota Plus Progress[]

Main Article: Hero Challenges

Relics track a hero's actions and statistics, and display in-game notifications when a milestone is reached. They are only available to Dota Plus subscribers.

Relics Voice Lines
Relic Rare icon
Multi Hero Ether Shock icon Ether Shocks
Relic Rare icon
Max Duration Shackles icon Shackles
Relic Rare icon
Shackled Enemies Killed
Relic Rare icon
Mass Serpent Ward icon Mass Serpent Ward Shackle Kills
Relic intelligence icon
Creep Tower Damage
Relic intelligence icon
Blinks Leading To Kills
Relic intelligence icon
Channels Cancelled
Relic intelligence icon
Triple Kills
Relic intelligence icon
Mega Kill Streaks
Relic intelligence icon
Dust of Appearance icon Dust of Appearance Leading To Kills
Relic intelligence icon
Towers Destroyed
Relic intelligence icon
Wards Placed
Relic intelligence icon
Kill Assists
Relic intelligence icon
Plus Hero Badge 1
Plus Hero Badge 2
Plus Hero Badge 3
Plus Hero Badge 4
Plus Hero Badge 5
Plus Hero Badge 6



  • The name Rhasta is based on the Rastafarians, a follower of a religious movement in Jamaica known as Rastafari.
    • In DotA, his hero model and dialogue had a strong Jamaican influence and style. But in Dota 2, his theme and style have undertaken a more Native American influence, mostly evident in his attire and accent.
  • Rhasta is also a Persian name and word that means "truth" or "path".
  • Some of Rhasta's voice lines may suggest he is well versed in the art of augury, an ancient form of divining the future. In some cultures, it is believed that reading the entrails of ritual sacrifice victims could predict the future.